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Strategies for Disseminating Qualitative Research Findings: Three Exemplars

S Keen, L Todres (2007)
Forum: Qualitative Social Research

Summary

  • All three exemplars in this article go beyond the forms of dissemination that traditionally serve academic communities and attempt to address the communicative concern of qualitative research findings.
  • In disseminating qualitative data, researchers have an array of presentational styles and formats to choose from that best fit their research purposes, such as drama, dance, poetry, websites, video and evocative forms of writing.
  • We conclude by considering the ethical issues that may be involved in these forms of disseminating qualitative research, as well as the challenges for evaluating the impact of such strategies.
Human Science
Abstract

Working in Practice But Not in Theory: Theoretical Challenges of “High-Reliability Organizations”

TR Laporte, P Consolini (1991)
Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory

Summary

  • During the past 15 years, risk analysis has come of age as an interdisciplinary field of remarkable breadth, nurturing connections among fields as diverse as mathematics, biostatistics, toxicology, and engineering on one hand, and law, psychology, sociology, and economics on the other hand.
Commerce and Management
Human Science
Abstract

Blindsided? September 11 and the Origins of Strategic Surprise

CF Parker, EK Stern (2002)
Political Psychology

Summary

  • Drawing inspiration from the political psychological literature on strategic surprise, this article poses the deceptively simple question of why so many U.S. policymakers were caught so woefully off guard last year.
  • Through a preliminary empirical exploration of three broad explanatory “cuts” derived from the relevant interdisciplinary literature—psychological, bureau–organizational, and agenda–political—the authors seek to shed light on the sources of failure that may have contributed to 9/11 and point to promising avenues of investigation for future research as the available empirical record becomes more complete.
Human Science
Medical and Health Science
Philosophy and Religion
Psychology
Abstract

School reform and transitions in teacher professionalism and identity

C Day (2002)
International Journal of Educational Research

Summary

  • As a consequence of (imposed) changes in the control of curriculum and assessment and increased measures of public accountability, teachers in most countries now work within cultures in which their careers are ever more dependent upon external definitions of quality, progress and achievement for their success.
  • Although many experienced teachers have maintained their identities, finding room to manoeuvre within a general reduction in their traditional classroom autonomy, the pressure on these and younger colleagues is to comply with competency based agendas.
  • In such cultures, attention to teachers’ identities—arguably central to sustaining motivation, efficacy, commitment, job satisfaction and effectiveness—has been limited.
Education
Abstract

An exemplar for teaching and learning qualitative research

AJ Onwuegbuzie, et al. (2012)
Qualitative Report

Summary

  • We discuss the four major distinct, but overlapping, phases of the course: conceptual/theoretical, technical, applied, and emergent scholar.
  • Students write several qualitative reports, called qualitative notebooks, which involve data that they collect (via three different types of interviews), analyze (using nine qualitative analysis techniques via qualitative software), and interpret.
  • © 2012: Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie, Nancy L. Leech, John R. Slate, Marcella Stark, Bipin Sharman, Rebecca Frels, Kristin Harris, Julie P. Combs, and Nova Southeastern University.
Built Environment and Design
Education
Abstract

Complex Systems and Educational Change: Towards a new research agenda

JL Lemke, NH Sabelli (2008)
Educational Philosophy and Theory

Summary

  • In this article we begin to define possible agendas for research toward developing systematic frameworks and shared terminology for such a project.
  • We illustrate the plausibility of defining such frameworks and raise the question of the relation between such frameworks and the crucial task of aggregating data across ‘systemic experiments’, such as those conducted under the Urban Systemic Initiative sponsored by the US National Science Foundation.
  • Our discussion includes a review of key issues identified by groups of researchers regarding (1) Defining the System, (2) Structural Analysis, (3) Relationships Among Subsystems and Levels, (4) Drivers for Change, and (5) Modeling Methods.
Built Environment and Design
Education
History and Archaeology
Philosophy and Religion
Psychology
Abstract

Crisis and Learning: A Conceptual Balance Sheet

E Stern (1997)
Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management

Summary

  • Yet many scholars, including Etheredge 1985 himself, are markedly skeptical about the learning capacity of policy-makers and governmental organizations and argue that governments learn poorly or slowly at best (Sabatier, 1987; Lebovic, 1995: 835).
  • It has been hypothesized by a number of scholars (George, 1980; Goldmann, 1988; Young, 1989; Olsen, 1992) that conditions associated with policy crises, and their aftermath, may facilitate learning and change and contribute to overcoming the governmental inertia and political dynamics which often inhibit learning under ‘normal’ conditions.
  • Crisis experiences tend to re-order the political agenda, stimulate an appetite for change and reform on the part of the electorate and the mass media and, thus, create moments of political possibility, ‘policy windows’ (Kingdon, 1984), which create opportunities for agile reformers before they close.
Commerce and Management
Human Science
Law
Medical and Health Science
Abstract

Organizational Learning Under Fire: Theory and Practice

KM Carley, JR Harrald (1997)
American Behavioral Scientist

Summary

  • There is no summary for this article.
Education
Human Science
Language and Culture
Psychology
Abstract

From an e‐portfolio model to e‐portfolio practices: some guidelines

P Giuseppe rossi, P Magnoler, L Giannandrea (2008)
Campus-Wide Information Systems

Summary

  • The paper aims to answer these emerging issues, showing how to cope with the above-mentioned questions, by proposing a structure for an e-portfolio able to fulfil the users' needs and to be perceived as an extremely usable and motivating tool.
  • Findings – After five years of experimentation and over 200 e-portfolios analysed, the paper describes lessons learned and suggests some guidelines that might be useful to plan the introduction and the implementation of an e-portfolio in post degree courses and for adult and in-service learning.
  • The paper shows how, starting from the same structure, the model is able to fit various needs, proposing technological and pedagogical devices in order to foster reflection and to promote formal and informal recording of learning activities.
Education
Information and Computing
Abstract

A Thought of Legal Research with Examples and Demonstrations

K Kim (2015)
SSRN Electronic Journal

Summary

  • The lawyers may need to serve their clients who like to know the legal issues involved, the strategies to deal with their loss and recovery, and prospect for winning the case if the dispute has gotten worse.
  • Since he needs to focus their attention on other matters, such as the business expansion of his law firm or more lucrative cases in need of career hands, he may tap the junior lawyer for the legal research, who could assist with the basis of his final legal opinion.
  • For the lawyers and legal researchers, the structure of state and federal legal system is the kind of important variants to orient their work direction and basic frame for the most efficient and adequate scope of search and analysis.
Abstract

Being better by being right: Subjective group dynamics and derogation of in-group deviants when generic norms are undermined.

J Marques, D Abrams, RG Serôdio (2001)
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Summary

  • The authors predicted that derogation of group deviants depends on the extent to which in-group norms or values are validated or undermined in a social context.
  • In Experiment 2 participants derogated in-group deviants more than out-group deviants and than noncategorized individuals, but only when normative in-group members lacked uniformity.
  • These results are consistent with previous research on the black sheep effect (J. M. Marques, V. Y. Yzerbyt, & J. -P. Leyens, 1988) and with the model of subjective group dynamics (D. Abrams, J. M. Marques, N. J. Bown, & M. Henson, 2000; J. M. Marques, D. Abrams, D. Paez, & C. Martinez-Taboada, 1998).
Commerce and Management
Human Science
Psychology
Abstract

Life cycle sustainability assessment of products: (with Comments by Helias A. Udo de Haes, p. 95)

W Kloepffer (2008)
The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment

Summary

  • It is a very important point that different life-cycle based methods (including Social Life Cycle Assessment ‘SLCA’) for sustainability assessment use consistent — ideally identical — system boundaries.
  • This requirement includes that in LCC the physical life cycle (‘from cradle-to-grave’) is used instead of the frequently used marketing life cycle (‘from product development-to-end of market life’).
  • The central problems seem to be how to relate the social indicators (social impact assessment) to the functional unit of the product-system and how to restrict the many social indicators proposed to a manageable number.
Built Environment and Design
Engineering
Environmental Science
Abstract

Ensuring Validity and Reliability in Phenomenographic Research Using the Analytical Framework of a Structure of Awareness

CJ Cope (2004)
Qualitative Research Journal

Summary

  • The contentious issue of the rigour of qualitative research may have come full circle.
  • This paper is concerned with how validity and reliability can be adapted to ensure rigour in phenomenographic research approaches.
  • The paper proposes that addressing the requirements is more straightforward if all aspects of phenomenographic research have been underpinned with the analytical framework of a structure of awareness.
Built Environment and Design
Education
Abstract

Country as brand, product, and beyond: A place marketing and brand management perspective

P Kotler, D Gertner (2002)
Journal of Brand Management

Summary

  • This paper examines how widely held country images affect attitudes towards a country's products and services and ability to attract investment, businesses and tourists.
Commerce and Management
Abstract

Unifying the behavioral sciences II

H Gintis (2007)
Behav. Brain Sci

Summary

  • My response to commentators includes a suggestion that an additional principle be added to the list presented in the target article: the notion of human society as a complex adaptive system with emergent properties.
  • I clear up several misunderstandings shared by several commentators, and explore some themes concerning future directions in the unification of the behavioral science.
Information and Computing
Medical and Health Science
Psychology
Abstract

WICS as a model of giftedness

RJ Sternberg (2003)
High Ability Studies

Summary

  • WICS stands for Wisdom, Intelligence, Creativity, Synthesized.
  • The article considers the relation between giftedness and expertise, and argues that giftedness is, ultimately, expertise in development.
  • One cannot clearly distinguish between giftedness and expertise, because all measures of giftedness assess some kind of expertise, at least to an extent.
Built Environment and Design
Education
Abstract

A Philosophy of Intellectual Property

P Drahos (2016)

Summary

  • We should adopt an instrumentalist approach to intellectual property and reject a proprietarian approach – an approach which emphasises the connection between labour and property rights.
  • The analysis draws on the history of intellectual property, legal materials, the work of Grotius, Pufendorf, Locke, Marx and Hegel, as well as economic, sociological and legal theory.
  • It will interest philosophers, political scientists, economists, and legal scholars, as well as those professionals concerned with policy issues raised by modern technologies and the information society.
Abstract

Understanding and sharing intentions: The origins of cultural cognition

M Tomasello, et al. (2005) Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Summary

  • Participation in such activities requires not only especially powerful forms of intention reading and cultural learning, but also a unique motivation to share psychological states with others and unique forms of cognitive representation for doing so.
  • The result of participating in these activities is species-unique forms of cultural cognition and evolution, enabling everything from the creation and use of linguistic symbols to the construction of social norms and individual beliefs to the establishment of social institutions.
  • Human children's skills of shared intentionality develop gradually during the first 14 months of life as two ontogenetic pathways intertwine: (1) the general ape line of understanding others as animate, goal-directed, and intentional agents; and (2) a species-unique motivation to share emotions, experience, and activities with other persons.
Information and Computing
Medical and Health Science
Psychology
Abstract

Being better by being right: Subjective group dynamics and derogation of in-group deviants when generic norms are undermined.

J Marques, D Abrams, RG Serôdio (2001)
Journal of personality and social psychology

Summary

  • The authors predicted that derogation of group deviants depends on the extent to which in-group norms or values are validated or undermined in a social context.
  • In Experiment 2 participants derogated in-group deviants more than out-group deviants and than noncategorized individuals, but only when normative in-group members lacked uniformity.
  • These results are consistent with previous research on the black sheep effect (J. M. Marques, V. Y. Yzerbyt, & J. -P. Leyens, 1988) and with the model of subjective group dynamics (D. Abrams, J. M. Marques, N. J. Bown, & M. Henson, 2000; J. M. Marques, D. Abrams, D. Paez, & C. Martinez-Taboada, 1998).
Commerce and Management
Human Science
Psychology
Abstract

Action Research: Rethinking Lewin

L Dickens, K Watkins (1999)
Management Learning

Summary

  • Fifty years after Kurt Lewin invented the idea of action research, action research remains an umbrella term for a host of activities intended to foster change on the group, organizational, and even societal levels.
  • This article explores both historical and contemporary definitions of action research and describes the process and goals of action research.
  • A case example of an action research project involving two teams in a high technology corporation depicts the process in action.
Built Environment and Design
Commerce and Management
Education
Mathematics
Abstract